A Wire is a cylindrical object with metallic properties and is flexible. Mechanical loads, electricity, and telecommunication signals are possible because of wires. A building wire is made by drawing the metal through a hole in draw plates. The wire is used as raw material by many industries such as wire netting industries and wire-cloth making industries.
Wires are used for many purposes and play a vital role in day-to-day lives. After building wire, it is used as a form of raw material by many industries.
● Wires like aluminum, steel, nickel, and copper are used for making telephonic and data cables.
● Wires are also used for fencing purposes.
● Suspension bridges and cages are also made by wires.
● Wires are also used in making critical industrial manufacturing components.
● Fishing rope and fishing nets are also made by wires.
● Musical instruments like guitar and violin also need wires as strings.
● Wires, which can be produced extremely thin, are used in making lightbulb and vacuum-tube filament.
Building wire is manufactured by drawing the metal through a hole in draw plates. After a few numbers of passes, the wire is then annealed to go through more drawing processes or for finishing, jacketing, and insulating. Electrical wires are always covered with insulating materials such as plastic or polymers. Insulating and jacketing of wires are done through an extruder.
Forms of Wire
Solid wire manufacturing is done with one-piece metal wire. It is used for breadboards and it is usually cheaper to manufacture solid wire. These are used where only a low amount of flexibility is required. Solid wires are generally more exposed to corrosion as their surface area is less.
Stranded wire manufacturing is a composition of small wires which are bundled together to form a conductor. The flexibility of stranded wire is much more than the flexibility of the solid wire. Stranded wires have high resistance and hence, they are used in circuit boards. Even the total surface area of a stranded wire is greater than the total surface area of a solid wire.
Number of Strands
The more individual wire strands in the bundle are considered as the best-stranded wire as the wire would be kink-resistant and more flexible. Although more individual wire strands are good, it is difficult to manufacture them as an increase in strands creates complexity and cost of production.
In the geometrical scenario, 7 is the lowest number of strands recorded, with 1 in the middle and 6 surrounding the 1 in the middle. 70 to 100 range is the highest number of stranded wires recorded which are found in large heavy cables.
Small strands of wire which are braided together to form a conductor are known as braided wires. These wires have a large amount of flexibility. They are often used as an electromagnetic shield.
There are many varieties of braided wire. Let’s check them out.
Hook-up wires are small wires used in making internal connections in an electronic appliance. Wire bonding is the process of making electrical connections inside semiconductors.
Magnet wire is a copper wire used for making electromagnetic coils. Coaxial cables are used for making transmission lines for radio frequencies.
Building wire plays a crucial role in people’s lives as wires bring electricity and data. What this world would be right now if there were no wires? They help us receive the internet and data which everyone in the world has access to now. It provides us with electricity which is important to run the electronic appliances and now, almost everything in an individual’s household works on electricity. Wires are also used in making suspension bridges that allow people to travel into different cities.